Maize farming in Nigeria is the type of business that one has to do in this very country taking into account the fertile soils here. Corn is cheaper than wheat and rice (that are also highly popular cereals) and this makes it even more attractive for consumers.
So check out what you have to do to start maize production in Nigeria and make a fortune in this business!
1. Maize production is a profitable business in Nigeria!
Maize production in Nigeria is a very important industry since it helps to receive a lot of other essential by-products like:
- Maize Oil.
- Livestock Food.
- Corn Powder.
- Corn Starch.
You can organize your maize farming business in a variety of ways: you can just sell all of it or it can also be used by the farmers for feeding animals. Another option would be using dry and fresh leaves for cattle feeding or bedding.
2. Maize farming business plan
Consider the following things while creating your business plan for commercial maize production:
- Market analysis.
- Promotion strategy.
- Personnel plan.
- Organizational structure and management.
- Financial plan.
- Risk analysis.
3. Light, fertilizing and irrigation
Your crops will need to enjoy the sun at least 12 hours per day as well as the well-plowed soil where previously cucurbits or legumes were grown. Fertilize the plowed soil, having mixed the fertilizer with ash and sand.
At the first stage the maize doesn’t need much water- save it for the cultivation period.
4. Maize cultivation
The maize comes in several basic types:
- Late season crops(110 to 120 days);
- Early season crops (90 to 100 days);
- Super-early season cops (80 to 90 days).
Each of these types has its unique properties:
- the size of the grain;
- the coloring of grain;
- the time of ripening.
If you want the maize that can be used for the production of flour, cereals or as animal food choose the types that can be stored for longer periods.
5. The best time for planting maize in Nigeria
Start preparing for planting in February in order to actually start cultivating your crops in March. Don’t’ forget to follow this ratio and layout: 75cm x 50cm, 2 seeds into every spot.
6. Maize Harvesting
This example is for a one-hectare Maize production farm that has been functioning for one farming year and with two times crop harvesting.
The total expenses including those of the plot of land, irrigation, seed purchase, fertilizer, transportation, workforce and post-harvest processing approximated to N4,000,000.
The maize yield per hectare in Nigeria can be 150,000 cubs from one hectare.
Check out the simple maths:
- 140,000 cubs X N50 = N7,000,000;
- At the end of the year, N7,000,000 – N4,000,000 = N3,000,000.
Remember the ROI will go up year by year if you follow all the instructions properly.
7. Secret tips for maize farming in Nigeria
If your goal is to produce sweet corn in cans, make sure to harvest the maize before it starts hardening.
Your maize will need additional fertilizing in the following situations:
- Yellow and wrinkled leaves imply the lack of Nitrogen;
- The redness on leaves means the shortage of Phosphates;
- Growth arrest, burns on leaves, different grain sizes are the symptoms of Potassium shortage.
The ‘milk stage’ is the name for the period when maize is the tastiest and the juiciest. It is normally on the 20-25th day from the end of the blooming period.